It’s Time to Be Climate Smart
Engaging Youth to Combat Climate Change
The state of Odisha in India has been experiencing the severe impact of extreme weather events. The most recent manifestation of such event is the “Cyclone Fani” which hit the Odisha coasts on 3rd May, 2019 and caused large scale devastation. As per the projection’s, climate change will further increase the frequency of extreme weather conditions, threaten food and nutritional security, water security, exacerbation of inequality, displacement of the population due to climate hazards, migration of population from rural to urban areas. In this context, TEAM VIEWS decided to undertake activities in the larger interest of the society.
The activities that will be undertaken are as follows:
Building Resilient Communities and Livelihood Systems-Establishing diverse and integrated agricultural systems with focus on “Climate Smart Agricultural Practices”
Clean Energy based technologies: Promotion of clean energy-based technologies such as smokeless chullah which invariably reduce the dependence of firewood and promotion of solar street lights are some of the work undertaken by the organization towards establishing a renewable energy landscape.
Research, Networking and Policy Engagement: Evidence building though conducting research, identifying areas of advocacy and highlighting good practices on ground. In pursuit for this endeavor, the organization focused on research and product development aspects and has come up with cloth bags as an alternative to plastic bags(which are considered to be very harmful for all the living organisms in the planet itself) and flagged off campaigns like; “Say No to Plastics” for a safe and clean environment.
Community Based Disaster Risk Management(CDBDRM):Building and Integrating community-based disaster preparedness through village development plan and providing training of disaster risk management committees
Multilevel Stakeholder Engagement and Networking: Engaging with Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) and other government institutions for sustainability of initiatives. Also exploring private and corporate partnership for scalability and replication.
ACCESS TO CLEAN ENERGY
VIEWS in collaboration with Centurion University designed Solar Innovation for Fishery Based Livelihoods. “We used to process the dry fish manly and very often it led to wastage of product as we depend on sunlight and open drying. This birds and other animals were a menace as they would eat away the dried fishes. But the solar dryer supplied to us by VIEWS had not only made it all more easier for us but also help us ensure better hygiene of product that fetches us good price at the market, says K.Karramma a women self help group member from Markandi Village.
PROMOTING LOW-COST FUEL-EFFICIENT STOVES
The use of fuel-efficient woodstoves that are both affordable and easy to use, reduce the amount of trips for firewood while allowing more trees to grow. Also burning smaller amounts wood fuel means less smoke will engulf their homes and their lungs. Low-cost fuel-efficient stoves have been distributed to 30 households. The beneficiaries say that the mobility of the stoves meant that the families can cook anywhere. While some carried the stoves to their fields to cook during work, others said the mobility was a huge help to them during cyclones as they could carry it with them to the cyclone shelters.
“I had regular breathing problems in the past that would go with medications but recur again. I never had the faintest idea that it was because of the chulha that we had been using since childhood. These new stoves have made life so much easier and my family is really thankful for people behind this“ said Narasamma, a woman from Boxipalli village
Climate Change Literacy Campaign: VIEWS conducted climate change literacy campaign in two blocks, We also initiated plantation drive 3000 trees with the support of NABARD in coastal and tribal villages of Ganjam as part of Climate Change Adaption Project
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
HUMANITARIAN RELIEF IN URBAN SLUMS OF BHUBANESWAR, ODISHA POST CYCLONE FANI
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani made a landfall in Bhubaneswar and Puri on Odisha coast on May 3 triggering heavy rainfall coupled with high velocity winds with speed of 175 kmph. The cyclonic storm wreaked havoc in the state killing more than 40 people. Heavy rainfall and high-speed winds damaged houses and properties across the city. However, the most affected were the slum dwellers of the city- many of who were rendered homeless. Residents of most city slums were left with no roofs over their heads, no food or clean water. The thatched roofs of almost all the hoses in Jalimunda sahi, one of the worst affected in the cyclone were blown away due to the heavy winds and houses were left with only mud walls. At few places’ walls had collapsed forcing people to take shelter in neighbouring houses. With temperatures peaking upto 45 degrees in the noon, the children especially the infants were having a harrowing time. Unavailability of safe drinking water and medicines was another major problem that needed immediate attention.
Established in 1960, the Jalimunda sahi consists of 215 households with a population of 987. A majority of these slum dwellers comprise of the backward Munda tribal community hailing from Mayurbhanj, Balaore, Keonjhar. A few inmates of this slum also hail from different parts of Jharkhand, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh. Similarly, the Shikharchandi area comprises of migrants from interior parts of the state who landed here looking for jobs and are now employed in various jobs in the unorganised sector.
Unfortunately, the cyclone came at a time when the state had just completed elections and all the government machinery were engaged in election management. Hence it took a lot of time for the government to restore normalcy to the city that faced complete blackout for days together. While restoration of the premier parts of the city was prioritised, these slums situated on outskirts were the worst hit ones.
With not even a roof over their heads, the locals struggled to get the bare basic needs addressed. Children and infants sizzled under the hot sun with no where to go. Many families lost their belongings and kitchen essentials and did not have money to purchase them. Their rations had run out and they were in a miserable situation.
While the damage in the areas was still being assessed by the state government, VIEWS intervened and made efforts to meet some of the most urgent needs of these affected population that required immediate attention to cope with the disaster.
Of the 350 households; more than 158 houses had been fully damaged. After conducting an initial need assessment, VIEWS submitted a proposal to Terre des homes, Germany, KIREA Canada, Reaching Hand Bangalore which readily agreed to provide the much-needed support to the families.
The following activities undertaken in this project
Community meeting: In order to access the damage, VIEWS conducted a meeting of the residents in Jalimund Sahi and Shikharchandi worst affected by the cyclonic storm. This helped us to map their status and immediate requirements.
Household survey: In the second phase, our staff accompanied by volunteers and members of the youth club conducted a household survey to get a detailed data about the damage and the status of individual families after the cyclone.
Distribution of relief materials: The items were then rearranged into kits and distributed in phases. The beneficiaries were asked to bring along their aadhar cards for identification and smooth distribution of the kits. Despite the extremely hot and humid conditions post cyclone, our team was able to carry out the distribution process without any hurdles.
Sensitisation: Prior to distribution, a sensitisation session was conducted to explain to the community the need to maintain health and hygiene in such times of calamity. The need for menstrual hygiene was explained to the adolescent girls and young women. Children were specially explained about the need to wash their hands before consuming food to avoid diseases. The community was advised to used water purifying tablets and boiled water to check infection. Young mothers were advised to maintain special hygiene while preparing baby food for their little ones.
Below is a list of items contained in the relief kits along with the distribution details:
Relief Materials Name
FOOD & NUTRITION
400 Nos Children
315 Nos Households
315 Nos Households
315 Nos Households
315 Nos Households
NON FOOD ITEMS
400 Nos Households
400 Nos Households
315 Nos Households
400 Nos Households
Utensil Kit @ Rs 1300 x 215 families
315 Nos Households
Clothes for Children
400 Nos Children
All the kits were distributed in active collaboration with the slum committee and youth club members. Post distribution, a door to door follow up was conducted to ensure that the tarpaulin sheets were appropriately used by the dwellers.
Rehabilitation work for Fani Cyclone Victims in Puri District
Odisha has been prone to both natural and man-made calamities since long. Flood, droughts and cyclones are regular features in the state. These natural disasters have not only led to loss of human lives but also resulted in extensive damages. The coastal districts of Orissa are subjected to regular flooding due to cyclones and extreme rainfall. On 3rd May, 2019, the state of Odisha has been hit by an extremely severe cyclonic storm named “Fani” and the landfall of the cyclone was in the Puri district of Odisha. It completely devastated physical infrastructure and natural ecosystem of the state. The poor people houses have been completely damaged as the cyclonic storm touched 200 km/h wind speed. The state government efforts in this regard has received lot of accolades and praise for all sections of the society as it could undertake massive evacuation of families and reducing the number of casualties to minimal. But the damage to physical properties has been very severe. All the thatched and tinned roofs have been blown off and plastic sheets In this context, the requirement for a stable roofing solution was the need of the hour. So, in this regard, Daigeo, CAF and VIEWS came together and provided the affected families with sustainable roofing solutions for families affected in the cyclone and also to school children by rendering support in building the school wall. The details of the project, activities undertaken and the potential impact it has created is presented below with clarity
The broad objective of the project is to support families in Nimapada (near Diageo plant) in Puri with shelter (GI sheets for houses) and also to support the schoolchild in the community by rebuilding the damaged school building.
There are lot of families in Nimapada (near Diageo plant) who have reported loss of shelter and damage of the school building. Diageo wishes to support these families to rebuild their lives back to normalcy. The project activities include repaid assessment, Identification of beneficiaries, vendor finalization, and procurement of material (GI sheets), distribution of material GIsheeets) and construction and renovation of the school building, project monitoring, and preparation of the reports.
Need assessment done in association with CAF India
School wall construction plan designed with the support of Engineer
Procured sheets-900 Nos as per the procurement process of VIEWS and CAF guidelines
900 GI sheets distributed to 300 households in active collaboration with Diageo in Nimapada area.
The school wall constructed as per the designed structure and engineer guidelines
Monitoring visit conducted by Engineer and provided technical support to the contractor
VIEWS project team monitored the construction work regularly
Monitoring visit (field and financial) conducted by the finance manager from CAF and interacted with the beneficiates, school teachers, contractors and manager of Diageo on the project activities and physically verified the project activities and its quality of work.
The total number of beneficiaries (300 affected families) covered and one school building boundary wall constructed in Nimapada district
Though, the community was very happy and satisfied with the GI sheets which have been distributed to them but at same time they felt that timing of the distribution of the GI sheets and the occurrence of the cyclone needs to be bridged. So, as to reduce the drudgery aftermath the cyclone. Another significant aspect was that came out that with GI sheet there was no accessories supplied to fix it on roof. It has been found that in budget only GI sheets have been budgeted and no accessories has been budgeted nor factored out. So, that created problem and was a challenge to fix it to the roof. The enhance the ownership and sustainability, the project team motivated beneficiaries to contribute labor and accessories for repairing and restoration of the assets.
The impact of the programme was that the beneficiaries received a sustainable roofing solution amidst a natural calamity and now they can reside in their house safely. The general manager of DIAGEO’s was very satisfied with the quality of roofing solution (i.e the asbestos). He stated in his remarks that the goods which has been distributed was of good quality.
In context of any natural calamity the children suffers the most as they are one of the vulnerable segments of the population. The first thing that gets affected is their studies and school. In this context also, their school got affected. So, the project took care of it and contributed towards renovation and construction of school building. Thus, it helped the children to resume their studies in school. The children were very elated going back to school after the massive natural calamity that has taken a toll on the entire community.
“The whole intervention is perfectly designed and it has helped the community at large. I am personally very happy about the quality of the GI sheets provided to the households. I would like to take the opportunity to appreciate the efforts undertaken by the facilitating agency CAF and the implementing agency VIEWS” said by Anirban Chakraborty, Manager of Diageo Company
“We were extremely disheartened to see the broken wall of our school and also did not expect that so quickly and promptly things will fall in place. But it happened eventually, we will like thank all the people and organizations those who have supported us”
Key Achievements: The achievements of the project can state in terms of understanding the needs of the community in a time bound manner. The funding, facilitating and the implementing agencies played a very swift role in identifying the needs of the community by rightly assessing the damage and identified the intervention that was most sought by the community. The agencies during the field visit have found out that all the thatched and tinned roofs have blown away and educational institutions such as schools have also been damaged. Thus the interventions were directed towards providing sustainable roofing solutions to all the 300 families affected by the devastating cyclone and renovate the school infrastructure to start the school in time.
To be precise, the achievements can be characterized by identifying the right kind of intervention and quality service delivery in a time bound manner. Another significant achievement is praiseworthy is that the interventions has brought back the smiles among all the community members and particularly the women and children. The women is generally bestowed upon to take all the household responsibilities, so in this context getting back their house in proper shape was very much required. The intervention in renovation of the school has taken care of the children as now they can undertake their studies and go to school regularly.